Type 2 Diabetes is one of the fastest growing diseases in Canada; each year there are more than 60 000 new cases. In fact nine out of ten people with diabetes have Type 2 Diabetes and one third of people living with diabetes are unaware that they even have the disease. Type 2 Diabetes can impact overall life expectancy, quality of life, and health care costs. Although diabetes is the seventh leading cause of death in Canada, the good news is that it is preventable with healthy lifestyles decisions.
Gout is a type of arthritis that results when a by-product of digestion known as uric acid is over-produced by the body, or cannot be cleared from the body by the kidneys properly. Excess blood uric acid (hyperuricemia) can accumulate in the body and lead to the formation of uric acid crystals in joints. These uric acid crystals are identified as ‘foreign invaders’ and attacked by the immune system. This ‘attack’ results in intense pain, swelling and inflammation (often described as sharp, intense or burning).
There are a variety of chronic pain disorders resulting from problems such as back injuries, headaches, joint pain, fibromyalgia, nerve damage, and others. About 10% of the population is affected by a form of chronic pain.
An allergy is a hypersensitive response of the immune system. The antibody immunoglobulin E (IgE) incorrectly identifies normally harmless substances (such as pollen, dust mites, or various food items) as threats. In response to this threat, the body produces chemical mediators that cause the characteristic symptoms of allergies; these symptoms can include: sneezing, runny nose, itchy throat and ears, and hives.