men's health

Since this week is men’s health week, let’s take a closer look at five of the top health concerns for men.

  1. Prostate cancer

Prostate cancer is one of the most prevalent cancers in men worldwide. Currently, the successful treatment of prostate cancer is highly dependant on early diagnosis. For cases with later diagnosis, treatment options are fewer and less effective. Due to the lack of observable symptoms, detection of prostate cancer is difficult and requires active precautions. Based on a previous report by Swedish researchers, there are two common approaches to treating prostate cancer: surgical removal or monitoring until the cancer worsens. According to the study, patients who pursued surgical removal immediately reported longer lives and improved quality of life in relation to those who were monitored. These results suggest that prostate examinations are highly beneficial for preventative care. Read more about the latest prostate cancer research here.

  1. Depression

Recent research has revealed that rates of depression are particularly high among middle-aged men. The stigma associated with seeking help, particularly for males has contributed to poor mental health in male populations. A previous study found a correlation between psychological stress and a greater risk of heart attacks. Another study reported an association between depression and poor heart health. Adults who experienced depression, when exposed to psychological stress, were at an increased risk of endothelial dysfunction in comparison to adults who had not been depressed. These findings suggest that interdisciplinary approaches incorporating psychology are vital in addressing men’s health. Read more about how depression affects heart health here.

  1. Pneumonia

A previous study reported that individuals with HIV are prone to acquiring other health issues as well, due to a weaker immune system. One of these conditions is pneumonia. HIV patients may be prescribed with opioids. Extensive opioid usage can lead to increased likelihood of bacterial infections in men. For males with HIV, a more vulnerable immune system makes it is essential to maintain overall health to prevent exposure to pneumonia and other medical conditions. Read more about how opioids increase the risk of pneumonia in HIV patients here.

  1. Alcohol-related liver disease

Several studies have identified excessive alcohol consumption as a health concern in male populations. Although alcohol-related conditions are present among females as well, a recent research paper that analyzed liver transplant patients found that the population consisted of more men than women. The likelihood of survival for a liver disease patient due to alcohol consumption is significantly lower compared to patients of other categories of liver disease. Promoting healthier lifestyle options for men may be able to reduce the number of liver transplant patients, read more here.

  1. Diabetes

Diabetes is a common medical concern among men. Its prevalence is greater among older populations and significantly impacts multiple aspects of day-to-day life. Diabetes is also strongly linked with other health issues including hypertension and cardiovascular disease. A recent trial revealed that intensive blood pressure treatments are assisting diabetes patients by reducing the probability of adverse health events and deaths. With further research and accessibility, men with diabetes can utilize treatments and technological innovations to improve their overall health and quality of life. Read more about blood pressure in patients with diabetes here.

Written By Shrishti Ahuja, HBSc

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