(1849) American botanist and horticulturist Luther Burbank is born. He developed over 800 strains of plants, such as fruits, vegetables, grains and flowers.
(1857) Austrian physician Julius Wagner-Jauregg is born. He is the only psychiatrist to win the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, which he did for his work on malaria as a treatment for syphilis-associated paralytic dementia.
(1876) The telephone, invented by Alexander Graham Bell, is granted a patent.